Muscle cramps information

Health condition

If you have a muscle cramp, you will experience a sudden, tight and intense pain caused by a muscle locked in spasm.

The most commonly affected muscle groups are:

· Back of lower leg/calf (gastrocnemius).
· Back of thigh (hamstrings).
· Front of thigh (quadriceps).

Cramps in the feet, hands, arms, abdomen and along the rib cage are also very common. Muscle cramps range in intensity from a slight tic to agonizing pain. A cramping muscle may feel hard to the touch and/or appear visibly distorted or twitch beneath the skin. A cramp can last a few seconds to 15 minutes or longer. It might recur multiple times before it goes away.

A muscle that is tired, a muscle that is improperly stretched, or one that is held in an awkward position may develop a cramp. Leg and foot cramps may occur if you wear high heels, if you jog, if you kick while swimming. Leg and foot cramps may occur if you crouch, or squat. Arm and finger cramps may occur if you type, write extensively, or play piano.

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